What Is a Brushless Drill? Brushless vs. Brushed Motors [2023 Guide]

If you’re currently on the market for a new drill to add to your toolbox, chances are you’ve come across the brushless and brushed motor drill options. Given the number of alternatives you have when choosing a drill, the selection process can be quite overwhelming, especially if you’re new to the world of power tools.

As technology continues to transform virtually every industry, the power tools we use on a regular basis also continue to become more energy efficient, powerful, and more comfortable to use than ever.

You may be wondering what the best kind of drill for your specific needs is. For example, you may need to choose between a brushed motor drill and a brushless drill. In this short guide, we’ll explore the pros and cons of the two drill types so you can make an informed decision about your next purchase.

What is a Brushless Drill?

The brushless motor drill has become an increasingly popular option for a wide variety of home improvement and construction needs. Many people consider it to be superior to the standard brushed motor drill. However, though brushless drills are often more effective and easier to use compared to a brushed motor drill, they are often considerably more expensive.

One of the unique aspects of the brushless drill is that it relies on electronics. Up until recently, most drills relied on a physical and mechanical process to generate power. However, as tools have continued to evolve, most high tech power tools today, like the brushless drill, use an electronics system to improve performance and reduce wear and tear on the tool. Though a mechanical process does work generate power, it creates a significant amount of friction and wears down the parts of the tool quickly.

A brushless drill is designed to create less friction than a standard drill, which can improve the overall experience for the user. For those who are working in construction and need high-quality tools on a regular basis, the reduced friction can really make the job easier.

Additionally, because of the reduced voltage, the motor on a brushless drill often lasts significantly longer than that of a brushed drill, which can make it a sound economic investment for those who need a tool that will last a long time. Brushless drills were designed to improve performance and reduce the need for overall maintenance, which also improves overall durability.

What is a brushed drill?

A brushed drill has been the standard type of drill for over a hundred years. It relies on a mechanical and physical process to generate power. A typical brushed drill consists of carbon brushes, an armature, a commutator, and magnets. These parts work together to generate the force needed to effectively drill into a wide variety of materials.

For many years, the brushed drill was the most effective tool for the job. However, as tools continue to improve in performance and ease of use, the brushed drill is quickly becoming less popular. However, price is still a consideration. Compared to a brushless drill, brushed drills are typically much less expensive which can make it a tempting choice for those on a smaller budget.

Because of the brushed drill’s heavy reliance on mechanical movements, their components tend to wear down much quicker than those of a brushless drill. They can still do a quality job, of course, but overall they are not nearly as efficient as the brushless drill motor.

Brushed vs. Brushless motors

Both brushed and brushless motors operate under the same energy principles but show significant differences in control and overall performance. While brushed drills can certainly get the job done in most cases, the brushless motor drill represents a fairly significant upgrade in virtually every area that matters for a drill.

Though brushed drills are much cheaper, they often require much more maintenance and don’t do as good of a job as the brushless variety. Though brushless drills are slightly more expensive, the improved quality and durability will often pay for itself over the course of the tool’s life.

While both types of drills work, the results are clear: brushless motor drills continue to make drilling easier than ever before and should be the next power tool you add to your toolbox.

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